About Ankara
Ankara formerly known as Ancyra and Angora, in Central Anatolia. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center and 5,150,072 in its province it is Turkey's second largest city behind Istanbul. Ankara was Atatürk's headquarters from 1920 and has been the capital of the Republic of Turkey since its founding in 1923, replacing Istanbul that followed the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The government is a prominent employer but Ankara is also an important commercial and industrial city, located at the center of Turkey's road and railway networks. The city gave its name to the Angora wool shorn from Angora rabbits, the long-hairedAngora goat (the source of mohair), and the Angora cat. The area is also known for its pears, honey, and muscat grapes. Although situated in one of the driest places of Turkey and surrounded mostly by steppe vegetation except for the forested areas on the southern periphery, Ankara can be considered a green city in terms of green areas per inhabitant, which is 72 m2 per head. Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The historical center of town is a rocky hill rising 150 m (500 ft) over the left bank of the Ankara Çayı, a tributary of the Sakarya River, the classical Sangarius. The hill remains crowned by the ruins of the old citadel. Although few of its outworks have survived, there are well- preserved examples of Roman andOttoman architecture throughout the city, the most remarkable being the 20 bc Temple of Augustus and Rome that boasts the Monumentum Ancyranum, the inscription recording the Res Gestae Divi Augusti.

IMPORTANT MONUMENTS

Anıtkabir (The Mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk)

Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of the great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who is the founder of the Republic of Turkey, the creator of Turkish revolution, and a gallant solder, was built in Rasattepe. Its architects are Prof. Emin Onat and Assoc. Prof. Orhan Arda. The construction of the monument was commenced in 1944 and completed in 1953. Ataturk's body was transferred from his temporary grave at the Ethnography Museum to this monument with a remarkable funeral. The units within Anıtkabir site are the Independence Tower, the Freedom Tower, the Road of Lions, the Defence of Rights Tower, the Mehmetçik Tower, the Victory Tower, the Peace Tower, the 23 April Tower, Misak-ı Milli (the National Pact) Tower, the Tower of Reforms, Victory Reliefs, the Mausoleum and the Hall of Honour.  

War of Independence Museum

This museum is housed in the first Turkish Grand National Assembly building. It was opened to public as the "Turkish Grand National Assembly Museum" on April 23, 1961. The building was further restored, as part of celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, by the Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums, Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and was re-opened as the "War of Independence Museum" on April 23, 1981.   Ankara Castle Guarding the city for many centuries, Ankara Castle has been the symbol of the city of Ankara. The history of the castle is as old as the history of the city. Although the exact date of its construction is unknown, it is commonly thought that it was first built by the Romans. The castle was later restored and expanded by the Seljuks. The hill where it is situated is 110 meters high from Bentderesi (Hatip Creek) flowing nearby. The castle has two sections: the inner castle and the outer citadel. There are over twenty towers on the castle. The outer citadel surrounds the city of Ankara in a heart shape. The four-storey inner castle was partly made of Ankara stone and partly with spolia stones. The inner castle has two large gates, one of which is the outer gate, and the other is called hisarkapı. The height of the towers in the inner castle ranges between 14 to 16 m. There are a lot of Ankara houses in the castle, which have survived since the 17th century of Ankara in Ottoman age.   Museum of Anatolian Civilizations Ranked first among 68 museums, the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, with its historical buildings and a long-standing background, was entitled as the "Museum of the Year in Europe" in Lausanne, Switzerland on April 19, 1997. Archaeological artifacts of Anatolia are displayed in chronological order, starting from the Paleolithic era to the present day, at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, which is among the world's famous museums with its unique collection.  

Ethnography Museum of Ankara

The museum was built on the place where the Friday prayer used to be performed during the War of Independence, formerly called as Namazgâh Hill. Initially intended to be utilized as an Archaeological Museum, and later planned as a Museum of Painting and Sculpture, the Museum gained its present function after the opening ceremony. This museum exhibits examples of Turkish art from the Seljuk period until today. Various historical collections including folk costumes from various regions of Anatolia, and a collection of woven carpets and rugs made with technical materials and designs unique to Turks are exhibited in the museum.
3rd International Congress on Biosensor, Ankara 2016
06800 Beytepe Ankara